단순하고 산업적이며 단색의 재료를 사용한 Studiomk27의 마드리드 외곽 프로젝트는 전체 블록을 다 차지한 건축으로 인해 보행자의 사용을 위하여 1층을 그대로 남겨두고 거주인들이 접근할 수 있게 설계하였다. 3.5미터의 평탄하지 않은 지형 위에 총 21개의 주택을 지었는데 4개의 각기 다른 주택은 1.25미터 빌딩 모듈을 따라 설계되었고 여기에는 21가지의 구성이 존재하며 각 집은 독특하다.
Studiomk27 received a commission to create a gated community of houses on the outskirts of Madrid; Somosaguas, an “anti-crisis” product that responded to the demand for housing.
The Project should adapt the “made to order” architectural details for a larger scale and should use industrialized products, available in the European market.
The land occupied an entire block. The underground garage leaves the ground floor free to be used by the pedestrians and allows access to the homes for those who reside there. There are 21 houses in total, organized on 5 plateaus that overcome the uneven topography of 3.5m. The perimeter of the street is on the same level as the surrounding sidewalk. 4 different sized houses were designed following the 1,25m building module; from these there are 21 different configurations. Each house is unique. The relation between the size of the lot (0.75 hectares) and the population estimated at 97 people results in a demographic density of 130 inhabitants/hectare. An expressive number given that the density of Madrid is 54 inhabitants/hectare, according to Portal del Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
The architecture uses simple, industrial and monochromatic materials. Visually it is difficult to distinguish the unit from the group. The mini-wave and painted in white brick façades contrast with the wooden fences that delimit the paths. A rich and abundant landscaping permeates the entire lot and spreads on it in an organic way breaking the orthogonal angles of the volumes.
The non-linear placement of the houses makes it appear similar to a “pueblo” with different paths inside the lot. The notion of ownership of the lot is diluted. The houses are built over a garden with common fruition and a private patio for each unit. There is a delicate transition between the private and the public.
In the middle is the main square, a meeting place around the pool.
The relationship between the block and the city happens in a permeable way. There are no external walls and the houses themselves create a non-linear divide between the street and the block which, in turn, create breather valves and more generous gardens for the public walkway.
The Somosaguas project is a meta-project. The permeable occupation of an urban block for pedestrians can be replicated on any other urban lot in any other city. Each block can house different equipments for common use. The Project intends to maximize collective living in the city.
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