헬싱키 근방 작은 섬에 위치한 공용사우나는 오랜 세월에 걸쳐 섬의 기능이 변화함에 따라 핀란드의 사우나 문화도 변경되었으나, 지난 핀란드 공공사우나의 오랜 전통을 잇는 설계로 완성되었다. 현대건축 및 사회적 맥락에서 내부에 배치한 화목 난로는 사우나의 조용하면서도 다소 영적인 분위기를 재현하고 있다. 사우나의 온기 속에서 휴식을 취하며 바다의 전망을 즐길 수 있도록 구조화된 이 곳에서는 단순히 목욕의 기능 외에도 사교나 행사의 장소로 사용될 수 있도록 구성하였다.
architecture studio OOPEAA has completed a public sauna on a small island just a short boat ride from helsinki. located next to the larger suomenlinna island, a world heritage site, lonna island used to be occupied by the military, and has only recently been made accessible to the public. surrounded by a grouping of landmarked structures that were built under russian rule in the 19th century, the new facility seeks to continue the strong tradition of finland’s public saunas.
name: lonna sauna
location: helsinki, finland
client: governing body of suomenlinna / tiina koskenniemi
user: fregatti oy / ville wäänänen
year: 2014 – 2016
size: 190 sqm / 2,045 sqf
architect in charge: anssi lassila
project architect: teemu leppälä (construction phase)
design team: ransu helenius, juha pakkala, iida hedberg
main contractor: governing body of suomenlinna / heikki malinen
as the functions on the island change, so does the sauna culture in finland,’ says OOPEAA, a finnish firm led by architect anssi lassila. ‘public saunas were once lively places and numerous throughout the country, but today there are only a few of them left. however, in recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the tradition of public saunas and a number of new public sauna buildings have opened in various parts of the city in helsinki.’
consequently, the architects sought to use the defining features of lonna island to put a new slant on the urban public sauna. measuring a compact 190 square meters, the building has been entirely constructed with natural materials. a handcrafted wooden log structure, which has been left untreated, is topped with a zinc-clad pitched roof. large apertures offer views of the archipelago, while an outdoor terrace remains directly accessible from both the sauna rooms and the outdoor shower area.
internally, wood-burning stoves strive to recreate the calm and somewhat spiritual atmosphere of traditional finnish saunas, while placing the project in a contemporary architectural and social context. here, bathers are able to enjoy sea views while relaxing in the warmth of the sauna. entirely surrounded by water, the remote facility provides a tranquil and protected environment that can also serve as a venue for social gatherings, parties, and events.
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