자연과 동기화된 건축의 특징처럼 열린공간은 거주자에게는 평온한 안식을, 공간에게는 내외부의 밀착된 경험을 선사한다. 슬로베니아 나즈막한 언덕위 자리한 박공지붕형태의 '블랙 반'; 검은 오두막은 자연으로 부터 얻은 산물; 꿀과 말린 과일 제조 및 생산과 이곳을 방문하는 손님들을 위한 게스트 스페이스로 구성된다. 그리고 주변환경의 조화는 인근에 위치한 농장과 건초를 말리는 헛간과 같은 박공지붕으로, 광활한 목초지대로 열린 1층 테라스로, 지형지물을 닮은 다크계열 컬러의 외장재로 구현된다. 굳이, 도드러지지 않아도 된다. 그렇게 장소에 알맞은 공간은 ; 주변자연환경과의 긴밀한 관계형성은 건축의 당위성을 제공하는 디자인 요소로 건축을 완성하며 좋은 건축과 나쁜 건축을 구분한다.
reviewed by SJ
The owner is a successful Slovenian businessman who spends some of his
spare time in the countryside. The property is situated on the edge of a
small village on top of a hill, and consists of farm land, forest,
residential building, barn house, apiary and wooden pavilion used as a
tool shack. The client decided to replace the broken-down barn house
with a new, multi-functional building, a sort of "modern Slovenian
hayrack". The building is intended for dispensing honey, sorting,
handling and drying fruit, storage of crops and tools, while the
spacious ground floor is intended as a meeting place to host partners
from abroad and celebrate family events.
Architectural design: Arhitektura d.o.o. (Peter Gabrijelčič, Boštjan Gabrijelčič)
Co-author: Aleš Gabrijelčič
Location: Šentrupert, Slovenia
Although the client's idea of a modern hayrack which would function both
as a barn house and prominent protocol house seemed controversial at
first, however, the idea revealed a great archetypal and development
potential, which is inherent in the architecture of a hayrack in
Slovenian cultural awareness. Professor Marjan Mušič compared hayracks
with Greek temples due to their architectural purity and antique origin,
as well as monumentality, derived from pure form. In terms of size,
position and importance, the hayrack was a central structure of a
homestead and the source of livelihood in general. This is where their
almost sacral character stems from.
The beauty of hayracks should not be sought in luxurious décor but
rather in their proportions, harmony of strict lines, functional
credibility and installation in space, giving their surroundings a
monumental character. This concept originates in the Antiquity and still
has the expressive power for the modern times and new tasks.
The building was placed at the end of a 'pier', which concludes the site
of the small village and from it panoramic views of the picturesque
surroundings open up. Together with the residential building and the
wooden pavilion this plot of land forms a large inner grassy courtyard
of the homestead. The building has a semi dug-in basement, a ground
floor and the attic. The construction basis is similar to that of the
double hayrack with stone corner pillars. The corners of the new
building feature four strong corner pillar structures, with a 12 meter
bridge construction placed in between, thus allowing large unified
spaces on the ground floor and in the attic. The construction is
reinforced concrete with steel roofing.
The basement, accessible via pathway directly from the farm land, is
designed for dispensing and storing honey, pressing and storing fruit,
storing tools and similar. The basement also features a heat pump for
heating and cooling the building, as well as a basement bathroom with a
The ground floor of the building is almost empty, which is similar to a
hayrack. There is also a handy open kitchen, a fireplace, the entrance
hall and a staircase connecting all three floors. The ground floor is
glazed with large sliding doors which can be open wide and connect the
ground floor with the natural environment or the backyard.
The first floor is mostly empty. In the summer the large space is
intended for various farm chores, whereas in the winter time it is used
as a billiard room and fitness. The first floor also features a mini
guest bedroom with bathroom and a storage room.
The dimensions, appearance, colour and logic of inner division of the building are based on the tradition of the hayrack. The dark façade looks similar to old wooden barnhouses in the immediate surroundings and also allows a discreet inclusion of the photovoltaic roofing into the basic volume of the building. Due to the photovoltaics on the roof, the snow guards are replaced by wide jutting roofs placed above the ground floor openings. The interior is covered with bright ash tree panels which gives the impression that the interior is hollowed from a single piece of wood. Furniture is simple and accents clean lines of the spaces.
Even though the building is intended for agricultural activities of the homestead it is also an elegant protocol and symbolic architectural creation. With it the owner wishes to express a respectful attitude towards Slovenian cultural heritage and Slovenian constructional and architectural tradition and to the way in which buildings are placed into the environment. The bold construction of large spans which strikes us with hayracks also gives this new building an air of nobility, in harmony with the picturesque landscape of the surrounding pastoral scenery.