게토 70주년 기념, 폴란드 유대인 역사박물관이 새롭게 문을 연다.
유명 건축가 다니엘 루벤스킨트, 겐조쿠마, 지브 헥커, 피터 아이젠만,
데이비드 칩퍼필드와 함께하는 박물관 설계는 유대인들의 역사적 유물전시와
교육, 문화를 비롯한 다양한 커뮤니티 시설이 계획된다.
제1전시장은 메인홀 아래에 위치하며, 5,000 스퀘어제곱미터 면적 속에
폴란드 유대인들의 문화와 역사를 의미하는 다면체 공간으로 구성된다.
실크 프린팅된 글래스 루버로 조합된 파사드 디자인은 박물관 내부의
뷰를 확보하는 동시에 외부 태양빛을 버퍼, 필터링하는 역활을 수행한다.
이와같은 글래스 박스 내부로 열린 강렬한 인테리어 홀은
거대한 유기적 동굴과 같은 형태로 '순수함과 고요함'을 의미하며
방문객들의 적극적인 유입을 유발 시킨다.
reviewed by SJ
the 'museum of the history of polish jews', designed by finnish firm lahdelma & mahlamaki architects in collaboration with local practice kurylowicz & assoc. first began as a competition entry in 2005, and is finally being opened to the public - if only partially - tomorrow, april 19th to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the ghetto uprisings that took place in the very site. the competition was won from amidst a panel of participants that included studio daniel libeskind, kengo kuma, zvi hecker architects, peter eisenman, and david chipperfield. the museum, titled 'yum suf' ('sea of reeds') is dedicated to the research and exhibition of the jewish heritage, education, and culture through a series of multi-functional programmatic elements in response to an increased public interest. the primary exhibition room is located under the main hall, with 5,000 m2 of open space loosely organized into different ambiances that aim to present the many facets that make up polish jewish culture and history.
the adjacent plaza that houses the ghetto uprising memorial became a
fundamental starting point for the overall footprint of the concrete and
steel structure, mirroring the proportions that led to a
rectangular plan. the facade is a combination of vertical silk-printed
glass louvers, expanses of curtain walls allowing views and sunlight
into the building, and copper panels over their consequent seams. the
most striking feature is the interior hall for which the project was
titled. an enormous organic tunnel-like space, 'pure and silent',
welcomes visitors to the museum and cuts through the orthogonal
structure with its lightly textured concrete walls. soft gradient shadows and its constantly transforming sinuous nature finds roots in the old testament and at times abstractly references nature's phenomena.
the core exhibition of the museum is set to open to the public in the beginning of 2014.
project name: the museum of the history of polish jews
architects (firm): architects lahdelma & mahlamäki (finland) with local firm kuryłowicz & associates in warsaw
principal architects: finland/rainer mahlamäki with team riitta id ( - design phase), maritta kukkonen, miguel silva, jukka savolainen, markus wikar, mirja sillanpää
-poland/stefan kuryłowicz (* passed), ewa kuryłowicz, paweł grodzicki (-design phase), marcin ferenc, tomasz kopec, michał gratkowski
structural engineering: arbo projekt, poland
hvac engineering: pol-con consulting, poland
contractor: polimex – mostostal sa, poland
character of space: museum consisting of exhibition spaces, auditorium and offices
client: city of warsaw and ministry of culture, poland
tenant: the museum of the history of polish jews
total floor area: 18,300 m²
building area: 4,400 m²
site area: 12,442 m²
volume: 123,000 m³
principal materials: silk printed glass, copper, concrete
principal structure: concrete, steel
location: warsaw, park area surrounded be streets anielewicza, zamenthofa, lewartowskiego and karmelicka (belonged to the former jewish district)
cost: 160 million pln (~39 million €, 48 million usd)
construction: july 2009 – may 2013
opening: late 2013/early 2014