쿰 힘벨브라우가 재조명한 마틴루터 교회는 전통의 형태와
요소를 계승하고 유지하는 동시에 현대적인 재해석의
과정을 통하여 신성한 공간의 대안을 제시한다.
하늘로 휘감아 올라가는 지붕과 고층창은 전통적으로 내려오는
로마네스크 양식의 형태를 이루는 선과 공간을 추출하여
오스트리아 하인부르크에 위치한 이곳에 투영함으로써
새로운 형태와 공간으로 리디자인 되었다.
이것은 디지털 시뮬레이션을 통하여 빛과 공간을
컨트롤 함으로써, 신성스러운 교회의 공간을
지역사회로 열린 커뮤티니 장소로 탈바꿈 시킨다.
(이 유니크한 형성은 쿱 힘멜브라우의 다른 프로젝트와 같이
조선소에서 조립되었다. 금속의 형태를 이루기 위한 금속가공과
제조방식은 조선업계에서 사용하는 특수한 가공 방식이 필요하기 때문이다.)
이와 깉이 변화한 공간은 이곳의 주요한 장소가 되어
새로운 랜드마크로 지역주민들의 중요한
공공장소로써 제공된다. 이것은 또한 시간을 거슬러 17세기와 현재를
잇는 브릿지 스페이스를 연출한다.
왜 건축가는 시간을 뛰어 넘어 그 시대와 조우 할려고
했을까? 그것은 아마도 그동안 종교라는 미명아래에
오역되어 있는 교회공간에 대한 순수성을 찾고자 한 것이 아닐까 싶다.
종교는 자기 자신만의 안위를 해결하기 위해 찾는 장소는 아니다.
교회가 되었던, 성당이나 절이나 무언가를 믿고 의지한다면
그 믿음을 자신의 틀에 가두지 말고 다른이와 소통하는 곳에
사용하여 널리 이롭게 하는 것이 종교가 가지고 있는 본질이
당신에게 면죄부는 얼마 인지 묻고 싶다.
쿰 힘벨브라우가 바라보는 종교에 대한 해석은 지금 우리 종교건축에 대한
또 다른 시각을 불러 일으킨다.
reviewed by SJ
Steel whirlpools spiral into skylights in the roof of a church in Austria by architects Coop Himmelb(l)au.
The swirling roof, which was manufactured in a shipyard, rests like a table-top upon four steel columns over the prayer room of the Martin Luther Church.
Daylight penetrates the room’s stucco-covered ceiling through the circular voids, as well as through a street-facing facade of projecting glass triangles.
Through glass doors at the rear of the prayer room is a church hall used by the local community, while a sacristy, pastor’s office and toilets are situated alongside both spaces.
A 20 metre-high steel bell-tower soars up into the sky in front of the building’s entrance.
Other buildings by Austrian architects Coop Himmelb(l)au include a tower covered in a folded metal skin and an energy-generating canopy over a passageway – see all our stories about Coop Himmelb(l)au.
Martin Luther Church Hainburg, Austria
In less than a year a protestant church together with a sanctuary, a church hall and supplementary spaces was built in the centre of the Lower Austrian town Hainburg, at the site of a predecessor church that doesn’t exist anymore since the 17th century.
The shape of the building is derived from that of a huge “table”, with its entire roof construction resting on the legs of the “table” – four steel columns. Another key element is the ceiling of the prayer room: its design language has been developed from the shape of the curved roof of a neighboring Romanesque ossuary – the geometry of this century-old building is translated into a form, in line with the times, via today’s digital instruments.
The play with light and transparency has a special place in this project. The light comes from above: three large winding openings in the roof guide it into the interior. The correlation of the number Three to the concept of Trinity in the Christian theology can be interpreted as a “deliberate coincidence”.
The church interior itself is not only a place of mysticism and quietude – as an antithesis of our rather fast and media-dominated times – but also an open space for the community.
The sanctuary gives access to the glass-covered children’s corner, illuminated by daylight, which accomodates also the baptistery. The actual community hall is situated behind it: folding doors on the entire length of the space between the two main chambers allow for combining them to one continuous spatial sequence. A folded glass façade on the opposite side opens the space towards the street.
A third building element, a longitudinal slab building along a small side alley, flanks both main spaces and comprises the sacristy, the pastor’s office, a small kitchen and other ancillary rooms. A handicapped accessible ramp between the three building components accesses the church garden on higher ground.
The sculptural bell tower at the forecourt constitutes the fourth element of the building ensemble.
Like other projects of COOP HIMMELB(L)AU the roof elements of the church building were assembled in a shipyard. The implementation of the intricate geometries required specific technologies of metal-processing and manufacturing only available in shipbuilding industry. The reference to shipbuilding is at the same time also reminiscent of Le Corbusier who served as an important role model, not least because of his La Tourette monastery.
Due to its shape with three skylights the roof of the Martin Luther Church in Hainburg was designed as a self-supporting steel construction with a stucco ceiling. The structure was assembled in a wharf at the Baltic Sea. The exterior skin is made of 8 mm thick three-dimensionally curved steel plates welded on a frame construction. In turn, this structure of steel plates and frame sits on a girder grid. The compound of grid, frame and steel skin transfers the total load of the roof (23 tons) on four steel columns which are based on the solid concrete walls of the prayer room.
The roof construction was delivered in four separate parts to Hainburg, assembled and welded on site. There, the coating of the whole structure was finished and mounted with a crane in the designated position on the shell construction of the prayer room.
On the interior ceiling the suspended frame structure was covered in several layers of steel fabric and rush matting as carrier layer for the cladding of the stucco ceiling, whose geometry follows the three-dimensionally curved shape of the roof with the skylights.
The free-form bell tower of the Martin Luther Church was also manufactured, by means of shipbuilding technology, as a vertical self-supporting steel structure with wall thickness between 8 and 16 millimeter, only braced by horizontal frames. The 20 meter high tower weighing 8 tons is welded rigidly to a steel element encased in the concrete foundations.
Planning: COOP HIMMELB(L)AU
Wolf D. Prix / W. Dreibholz & Partner ZT GmbH
Design Principal: Wolf D. Prix
Project Architect: Martin Mostböck
Design Architect: Sophie-Charlotte Grell
Project Team: Steven Baites, Daniel Bolojan, Victoria Coaloa, Volker Kilian, Martin Neumann, Martin Jelinek
Client: Association „Freunde der Evangelischen Kirche in Hainburg/Donau”, Austria
User: Evangelische Pfarrgemeinde A.B. Bruck a.d. Leitha – Hainburg/Donau, Austria
Structural engineering: Bollinger Grohmann Schneider ZT GmbH, Vienna, Austria
Construction survey: Spirk & Partner ZT GmbH, Vienna, Austria
Main works / finishing: Markus Haderer Baubetrieb Ges.m.b.H, Hainburg/Donau, Austria
Steel construction (roof/ tower): OSTSEESTAAL GmbH, Stralsund, Germany
Steel Construction (façade): Metallbau Eybel, Wolfsthal, Austria
Fibre cement cladding: Eternit-Werke Ludwig Hatschek AG, Vöcklabruck, Österreich SFK GmbH, Kirchham, Austria
Altar: Idee & Design, Stainz, Austria
Site area: 420 m²
Sanctuary for 50 people, community space und ancillary rooms
Total gross floor area: 289 m²
Height (slab building / community space): 3,5 m
Height sanctuary: 6 m
Height roof: 10 m
Length: 25 m
Width: 10-17 m
Height bell tower: 20 m
Start of Planning: 2008
Start of Construction: 08/2010
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