*브래드포드 도시공원 [ Gillespies ] Bradford’s City Park

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공용공간의 숙명적 요소; 장소성은 이곳 브래드포드 도시공원을 조성하는 주요한 디자인 이슈로 아래와 같은 3가지 관점에서 시작된다. *힌터랜드: 도시와 전원을 연결하는, 배후지역으로 도시와 자연의 막힘없는 소통과 교류를 지원하는 장소이자 변화하는 도시 패러다임에 대응하는 열린 공간 창출. *워터: 도시공원 디자인을 통합하는 주요한 요소로 브래드포드의 산업에너지와 깊은 관계성에 시작. *미러: 장소, 공간, 시간, 사람에 대한 투영으로 건축적 어휘로 재해석된 미러풀에 주변 자연환경 및 다양한 도시생활을 담는다. 이와같은 관점에서 시작된 장소는 76m by 58m, 4000sqm의 거대한 미러풀과 지역주민들의 원활한 소셜활동을 보장하는 광장 및 휴게공간으로 조성된다. 30m 높이로 치솟는 분수의 다이나믹함은 물론 다양한 분수의 움직임은 주민들의 이벤트 및 활동과 맞물리며 생동감 있는 장소를 구현한다. 그리고 거대한 원형을 가로 지르는 3갈래 보행로와 미러풀 둘레에 조성된 보행데크 및 휴게벤치는 공원의 지속성을 보장하는 요소로 삽입된다.

reviewed by SJ,오사


City Park in Bradford, designed by Gillespies landscape architects and urban designers on behalf of Bradford Council and supported by a multi-disciplinary design team is a landmark public space. It contains the largest city-centre water feature anywhere in the UK, a 4,000sqm mirror pool, and the UK’s tallest urban fountain that reaches a spectacular 30 metres high.

City Park stems from a city centre masterplan drawn up in 2003 for Bradford, which provided a vision of opening up the city centre and creating a new public space. Bradford Council took the lead role in turning this vision into a viable plan, and Gillespies, Arup, Sturgeon North, Atoll and The Fountain Workshop developed this early concept into a detailed design which was submitted for planning permission and funding in 2007, before construction started in late 2009. The completed design builds has created a flexible dynamic centrepiece in the form of a vibrant 2.4ha public space, including the mirror pool, fountains and public art. The park centres on Bradford’s 19th Century City Hall and helps to connect the city’s major visitor attractions with transport hubs and the rest of the city centre. It enhances the overall image of Bradford and helps create a landscape for investment by setting Bradford apart from other cities.




Name of Project:City Park, Bradford
Client:Bradford Council
Project Manager and QS:EC Harris
DESIGN TEAM Lead Consultant and Landscape Architect:Gillespies
Engineering Design (civil, structural, M&E, geotechnical):Arup
Building Architect:Sturgeon North Architects
Water Features:The Fountain Workshop
Lighting Design and Acoustics Consultancy:Arup
Lighting columns and sculpture:Wolfgang Buttress
Interactive Public Art Usman Haque and Jonathan Laventhol of Haque Design + Research
Main Contractor:Birse Civils

PRE-CONSTRUCTION TEAM (as above plus):
Public Art Advisers:Atoll and Beam
QS:Davis Langdon
Area:Project area: 2.4 hectares (24,000 sq.m)
Completion:2012


















The development and implementation of City Park’s design by Gillespies from the original masterplan has been founded on three fundamental design concepts:

• HINTERLAND: Bradford’s setting is that of a city surrounded by visible hills and countryside. The design for City Park seeks to suggest the meeting of urban and rural. Gillespies wanted the idea of hinterland to reference the outside towns and villages looking into the City, and the City looking outwards. This concept is borne out not only by the park’s design and built forms, but also how City Park interacts with Bradford’s people – both those within the city, and those on the edges attracted into the city by its regeneration.

• WATER: The unifying element of City Park’s design is water. Water provides a deep-rooted connection to Bradford’s industrial energy.

• MIRROR: City Park’s space provides a place to reflect. Its mirror pool provides an architectural mirror to Bradford’s city centre, skies and weather. The mirror pool brings this public space alive and provides a mirror for events, people and culture.

Tom Walker, Partner at Gillespies who led the design team says:

“We designed City Park as a beautiful public space with water at its heart. This new centrepiece for Bradford acts as a pivotal focal point, and gives Bradford a new postcard identity with the unique dynamic mirror pool and high quality landscape. Its magnificent grand public spaces promise to delight both local people and visitors.

Water was the engine for the success of Bradford during the industrial revolution and we are confident that water will once again act as the catalyst for the regeneration of the city over the next decade. The scheme is testament to the courage and faith that Bradford Council and others have shown in the regenerative power of really high-quality public realm”.


Mirror pool and water features

At the heart of the completed City Park is a huge water feature, the 76m by 58m, 4,000sq m reflective mirror pool. Testament to the design by Gillespies with engineers Arup and The Fountain Workshop, the mirror pool is a multi-functional space. The body of water can drain down fully to provide a large-scale events venue. The water level can also be lowered slightly to reveal causeways, allowing people to walk through the pool between the fountains. The causeway also divides the water into three pools which can be drained in any combination to provide a smaller event space, with water as a backdrop.

The pool contains 600 cubic metres of water and over 100 fountains. The central fountain can reach over 30m high making it the tallest in any UK city.

Despite the size of the pool, the water is very shallow (220mm max.) changing depth very gradually, which brings benefits for sustainability and functionality for events and safety. The fountains have an elaborate series of pre-set programmes that change depending on the day, the weather and local events. The sequence of fountains will respond to the daily rhythms of the city, marking times such as when people travel to and from work or take their lunch break.

The ability to fully drain the pool on a daily basis simplifies the operational and maintenance of the pool. This was a key factor in the design development. It removes the need for specialist cleaning equipment at ground level reducing the annual maintenance costs.


Public realm spaces – Materials

Gillespies designed City Park’s mirror pool to be surrounded by a 4m wide south facing, hardwood boardwalk – a “beach” around the pool from which to dip your feet in summer.

The rest of the site is constructed in equally high quality materials from the granite sett mirror pool to porphyry and sandstone paving. All paving in the central area is designed to withstand high vehicle and point loading so that the space is suitable for events of all sizes.

Gillespies selected hard landscaping materials to tie-in with those used elsewhere in Bradford’s public realm spaces, to embed City Park into the fabric of the city.

Sustainable design features
A number of sustainable principles have been embedded in the design from inception to implementation:
• design for longevity both in terms of life cost of materials and simplicity of design
• flexibility of space allowing the use of the space to be adapted over time
• the reduction of water depth to a minimum to reduce usage while maintaining impact
• the creation of a mini-water treatment works allowing the water to be re-circulated as much as possible
• the use of a borehole and rainwater capture to supplement the water supply
• the employment & training of local labour and the use of local suppliers
• improvements to public transport as well as key pedestrian and cycle routes


Lighting design features

Lighting has an important role in extending the use of the park after dark. The lighting has been carefully balanced to deliver a flexible playful night-time setting while maintaining the functional requirements for a city centre. Lighting levels have been selected to best balance the differing pedestrian experiences, aiding navigation around the park and challenging the traditional approach to large scale landscaped spaces. The City Park lighting installation is managed via a central lighting control system, which responds to both the rising and falling water levels and artistic requirements.


from  landezine


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