내부가 프랙털 기하학(fractal geometry: 작은 구조가 전체 구조와 비슷한 형태로 끝없이 되풀이 되는 구조)인 시스템을 구성한 채플이 일본 건축소에 의해 완성되었다. 규슈 나가사키에 위치한 채플은 국립공원에 둘러싸여져 있어 자연환경에 대한 대응이 매우 중요했다. 따라서 그 주변환경과 자연스럽게 연결된 구조의 예바당 활동을 이끌어 내려고 노력했다. 전통적인 일본식 건축방법을 사용해 더 많은 바닥 공간을 확보하고, 주변 산림 지대를 모방한 디자인을 통해 설계를 완성했다.
japanese architect yu momoeda has completed a chapel whose interior comprises a structural system based on fractal geometries. located in nagasaki, a japanese city on the northwest coast of kyushu island, the scheme is surrounded by a large national park and seeks to respond to its natural setting. ‘we tried to connect the activity of the chapel to the natural surroundings seamlessly,’ explains the architect.
inside the chapel, yu momoeda — who leads momoeda yu architecture office — created a pendentive dome by stacking a series of tree-like units. starting with four 120 millimeter square pillars, the ‘trees’ decrease in scale as they ascend upwards. the second layer is composed of eight 90mm units, while the final layer contains sixteen 60mm square pillars. constructed using traditional japanese construction methods, the design not only mimics the surrounding woodland, but also ensures that more floor space remains available.
from a construction standpoint, four conventional walls undertake the horizontal force, while the trees can support a roof load of up to 25 tons. ‘in nagasaki, there is the oldest wooden gothic chapel in japan known as ‘ohura-tenshudou’,’ continues yu momoeda. ‘this chapel is not only a famous tourist point, but a place loved and cared for by the townsfolk. we tried to design the building as a new gothic style chapel, by using japanese wooden system.’