농업의 산? -직역이 어색하군요.-
포루투칼 북동부 구이마레에스지역에 위치한 농업지대를 대표합니다.
총 288개의 볖집 블록-(2,80x0,90x0,80m with 300kg)으로 약 13미터의 높이로 이루어진
볖집 파빌리온은 이 지역적 특징을 심볼화 합니다.
지구라트와 같은 포매이션의 구축방법은 엄격하고 안정적인 적층방식으로
자신의 압축중량을 통하여 더욱더 전체 구조물이 견고해지는 구축방법을 선택하고 있습니다.
그렇습니다. 이번 프로젝트가 의미하는 것은 장소가 담고 있는 문화, 환경에 대한
리싸이클을 의미합니다. 이것은 다시 장소에 남겨진 잉여물, 부산물에 대하여 이야기합니다.
여기서 볖집은 곡식을 추수한 후의 잉여물이 아닌 거대한 지구라트, 파빌리온을 구축하는
훌륭한 원자재로 활용됨으로써 장소의 리싸이클을 가로 막는 장애물이 아닌 촉매제로 작용할 것입니다.
reviewed by SJ
Spanish collective Grupo IUT built a tower of straw bales on the outskirts of Guimarães in Portugal
Located in an area of farmland near the road into Guimarães, the
Agricultural Mountain stood 13 metres high and contained 288 straw
bales. The bales were piled up in a tiered ziggurat formation around a thin
metal structure, which supported an elevated room accessed by a narrow
door. The structure remained rigid and secure due to the assembly pattern of
the straw bales and the way they compressed under their own weight, so
no other reinforcement was needed.
"We visited Spanish and Portuguese farms to study the material. It is
usual to see big straw bale 'mountains' in the Iberian farms," IUT Group
told Dezeen. "Normally the farmers have only nine layers of straw
bales, but we arrived at 15 layers because we changed the construction
system and we redrew the shape."
"We are sure, after studying the Agricultural Mountain's behaviour, that we can have a bigger height," they added.
When the installation was taken down at the end of September, the straw was re-used by local horse stables. Grupo IUT is a collective comprising architects Nuno Miguel Lima Cruz
and Bruno Martins Afonso Gomes plus designer António da Silva Lopes.
The project was one of the winners of Performance Architecture, an
international competition organised by MoMA curator Pedro Gadanho to
create temporary urban interventions for the European Capital of Culture 2012.
We've featured a number of temporary installations in Guimarães this year, including a cinema that requires visitors to crawl in like centipedes, a set of swings that generate electricity and a project to turn the city's fountains into playgrounds.
Temporary urban intervention at the Guimarães 2012 European Capital of Culture.
Authors: IUT Group: Nuno Miguel Lima Cruz (architect), Bruno Martins Afonso Gomes (architect), António da Silva Lopes (designer)
Consultant: Joaquim Carvalho (civil engineer)
Support: Jofebar and Herdade das Barradas da Serra
Site: Guimarães, Portugal
Client: Guimarães 2012 European Capital of Culture
First prize winner of the Performance Architecture International Competition
Exhibition period: August 13th to September 30th, 2012
Project numbers: Installation with a 13,60x13,60m base and total height of 13,00m.
288 straw bales of 2,7x0,8x0,9 m and 300 kg each, in a total of 86400 kg and 560 m3 of wheat, produced in about 25 hectares of land, which will feed 15 horses for about 1.5 years.
The Agricultural Mountain project was one of the winners of the international competition Performance Architecture, aimed at choosing proposals for five temporary urban interventions in the scope of Guimarães 2012 European Capital of Culture. The competition intended to draw up architectural and urban strategies that, in reactivating performance art approaches, provided new directions as to the roles of architects, artists and designers in the urban context. The competition selected multidisciplinary teams proposing temporary concepts and structures that would stimulate the appropriation of controversial public spaces by the city inhabitants.
Cultural activities are mainly urban happenings. Rural people and rural areas are usually outside the mainstream circuit of the cultural industry. This proposal aims to bring the cultural phenomenon to the agricultural realm.
The project explores the paradox of an ephemeral monument creation. It's an artificial mountain placed at the city outskirts, outside the dense urban core, at an agricultural area called “Veiga de Creixomil”. This area represents a microcosm of the Ave river valley diffuse city, where Guimarães is a center piece, characterized by a great dispersion of the urban settlements, creating a blurred distinction between the urban and the rural areas. It is located in the only uncultivated terrain of the region, next to the highway access to Guimarães, highly visible by the city visitors arriving by car.
The proposal distinguishes itself from the immediate surroundings by
its vertical scale (12,70m height) in opposition to the horizontal
plain, producing an immediate impact to the public as soon as they
arrive to town. It has a wide base, like a ziggurate, that narrows up
into a tower with salient corners. The intervention wants to be a
landmark, as the ancient Guimarães Castle tower is, but also wants to be
visited and conquered, instead of a military defensive fortress. It is
an invitation for the public use, to climb it, seat and rest. The scale
is big and almost superhuman, forcing the visitor to touch the straw and
escalade. The interior space is appropriate to small events and a quiet
space to lounge. The outside space creates a natural auditorium
suitable for wider audiences and to enjoy the view.
Materials, construction and demolition
This pyramidal volume was built just by piling up a total of 288 big size straw bales (2,80x0,90x0,80m with 300kg each) around a guiding thin metal structure with no other structural function than supporting the interior elevated floor. The construction is stable to vertical loads (gravity) taking advantage of the geometry of the proposal and the good compression qualities of the material. The stability to horizontal loads (wind or earthquakes) is guaranteed by the squared shaped plan with four close corners and the straw bales assembly system allowing a completely locked structure with no need to use mortar or other reinforcement. This is a rather unknown construction material, inexpensive and totally reusable. This intervention, notwithstanding its volume, left no trace in the landscape and no waste afterwards. The idea was to reinvent a temporary usage for this raw material the fields produce. After the temporary exhibition period all straw bales were reintroduced for consumption by local horse breeders.
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